History & Anthropology
Anthropology is the study of humanity in all places and all times. It uses work from disciplines such as philosophy, history, sociology, political science, biology, geology, and mythology, to study humanity in its holistic and interdisciplinary way. Anthropology produces a different image in the eye of each its beholders because it literally looks at everything concerned with
humans. A common response is to identify an anthropologist as someone having something to do with bones and stones, or someone studying remote and exotic societies. Anthropologists adventure out and attempt to get behind the ordinary, to dig deep into history, to understand the extraordinary in the commonplace and the commonplace in the extraordinary. Anthropology can help you to view the customs of others with an excitement and appreciation that recognizes our common humanity. In the global system of today, this can help you to become more than an intellectual tourist who is detached from others, but instead is someone eager and able to contribute to the rich diversity of the rapidly changing world.
Cross Cultural Analysis
Anthropology provides information to enlighten, entertain, to astound, and to leave you in awe at the wonderful ways of the world. Some examples of questions anthropologists deal with are: Who am I? Where do I come from? Who can I be? What happened to extinct ways of life? Is sex permitted before marriage in some places? Do some societies allow or encourage multiple spouses? Why do people speak different languages? The use of tools? Anthropology uses many approaches to explore the limits of human experience. One way it gains this historical and universal perspective is through cross-cultural analysis of many societies, for it uses a process of comparison and contrast to help identify causes of similarities and differences between groups.
Exploring the Nature of Humans and Our Cultures
Anthropology can be useful in any attempt to solve life's problems, for its basic goal is to explore and describe the nature of human beings as evolving culture-bearing creatures, living in organized societies-each different and yet similar in many ways. Therefore, anthropology is the science of humans and culture. The subdivisions or subfields of anthropology include physical anthropology, cultural or social anthropology, archeology, and linguistics. All deal with different aspects of human beings. The aim of physical anthropology is to develop knowledge concerning the biological and genetic characteristics of human populations, ancient and modern. Cultural anthropology deals with learned behavior in human societies. Archaeology recovers and interprets the artifacts of past ways of life. Linguistics is the study of language. All subfields contribute to a broad holistic understanding of humans.