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University Health Center

600 S. College Ave.
Warrensburg, MO 64093
Phone: 660.543.4770
Fax: 660.543.8222





vaccine

Vaccine Information

The following immunizations/vaccines and tests are available at the University Health Center for a reasonable charge:

Hepatitis A (HAV)
Hepatitis B (HBV)
Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Influenza (FLU)
Meningococcal (Bacterial Meningitis)
Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)
Pneumococcal (PPSV)
Tuberculosis (TB)
Tetanus, Diphtheria (Td) & Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis (Tdap)
Typhoid (Typhoid Fever)
Varicella (Chickenpox)


Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). HAV is found in the stool of persons with hepatitis A. It is usually spread by close personal contact and sometimes by eating food or drinking water containing HAV. This is why it is very important to wash your hands after you use the bathroom. Hepatitis A can cause mild flu-like symptoms, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes), and/or severe stomach pains, and diarrhea.

People with hepatitis A infection often have to be hospitalized. In rare cases, hepatitis A causes death. A person with hepatitis A can easily pass the disease to others within the same household.

Hepatitis A vaccine can prevent hepatitis A. Two doses of the vaccine are needed for lasting protection. The doses should be given at least 6 months apart.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hep-a.pdf

Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B vaccines are available in two separate spots or one combination shot.

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Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV is spread by contact with blood or other body fluids of an infected person. The most common ways to spread HBV is by having unprotected sex with an infected person, sharing needles when injecting illegal drugs, being struck with a used needle on the job, or during birth when the virus passes from an injected mother to her infant. About 33% of people who have HBV in the U.S. have no idea how they got it.

Symptoms of HBV are loss of appetite, tiredness, diarrhea and vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin), or pain in the muscles, joints, and stomach. HBV can also lead to liver damage (cirrhosis), liver cancer, and even death.

FACTS ABOUT HBV

  • There is no cure for HBV.
  • About 1.25 million people in the U.S. have a chronic HBV infection.
  • HBV is 100 times more contagious then HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
  • HBV is a resilient virus, which means it can remain infectious on certain surfaces for up to a month.

HBV can be prevented by the Hepatitis B vaccine. The Hepatitis B vaccine is usually given in 2-3 doses, depending on the age of the person getting the vaccine. The second dose is given at least one month after the first dose, and the third dose is given at least two months after the second dose and four months after the first dose.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hep-b.pdf

Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B vaccines are available in two separate spots or one combination shot.

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Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a disease caused by the Human Papillomavirus. HPV is most commonly spread through sexual contact.

Most HPV infections do not cause any symptoms, and go away on their own. However, some people get visible genital warts (soft, moist, pink, or flesh-colored swellings), or have pre-cancerous changes in the cervix, vulva, anus, or penis. HPV infections sometimes result in anal or genital cancers.

FACTS ABOUT HPV:

  • HPV is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the U.S.
  • About 20 million people in the U.S. are infected, and about 6.2 million more get infected each year.
  • More than 50% of sexually active men and women are infected with HPV at sometime in their lives.  

HPV vaccine protects against four major types of HPV. HPV vaccine can prevent most genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine is for girls or women from ages 9-26 years of age and is given in three doses. The second dose is given two months after the first dose, and the third dose is given six months after the first dose. 

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-hpv-gardasil.pdf


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Influenza (Flu) is a very contagious disease caused by the influenza virus. This disease is spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing.

Influenza symptoms are fever, chills, headache, sore throat, dry cough, runny nose and body aches. It can lead to pneumonia and can be very dangerous for people with heart and breathing problems. It can also cause high fever and seizures in children. Influenza kills about 36,000 people annually in the U.S., mostly among the elderly.

The Influenza vaccine can prevent influenza. A "flu shot" can be given at any time during the autumn or winter but is most effective when it is given from early October through December, before the flu season begins.

Are you at risk for influenza?

You should get a flu shot if you have any of the following conditions:

  •  Asthma
  •  Diabetes
  •  Heart disease
  •  Blood disorders
  •  Kidney disease
  •  Immune disorders (i.e. long-term steroid use, HIV infection)
  •   Women who will be in the second or third trimester of pregnancy during flu season

Others who should be vaccinated:

  •  Those living with a high-risk person (see list above)
  •  Health care students and employees
  •  Students living in a residence hall who would like to minimize their risk
  •  Those 50 years of age or older
  •  International travelers
  •  Healthy children ages 6-23 months
  •  Household contacts and caretakers for children age 0-23 months

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/flu.pdf

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Meningococcal (meningitis) disease is caused by bacteria. Meningococcal disease can be spread through respiratory or throat secretion (coughing, kissing, etc...). 

The most common symptoms are headache, rigid and/or stiff neck and spine, nausea and/or vomiting, fever, and behavioral changes. Despite treatment with antibiotics, 11-19% of people in the U.S. who get the disease loss arms and/or legs, become deaf, have problems with their nervous system, become mentally retarded, or suffer seizures or strokes. Also, 10-15% of people die from the disease every year. Because invasive Meningococcal disease can progress rapidly into fatalities, early detection and prompt, intensive treatment with antibiotics are extremely important.

The Meningococcal vaccine protects against 4 types of the disease. A vaccination is recommended and available through the University Health Center, especially for those students who live in the residence halls. Just one dose is needed in most cases.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-mening.pdf

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Measles is a serious disease caused by a virus. Measles symptoms are rash, cough, runny nose, eye irritation, and fever. It can lead to ear infection, pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and death.

Mumps is a serious disease caused by a virus. Mumps symptoms are fever, headache, and swollen glands. It can also lead to deafness, meningitis (infection of the brain and spinal corn covering), painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries, and rarely, death.

Rubella (German measles) is a serious disease caused by a virus.  Symptoms of Rubella are rash, mild fever, and arthritis (mostly in women). If a woman gets rubella while she is pregnant, she could have a miscarriage or her baby could be born with serious birth defects.

You or your child could catch these diseases by being around someone who has them. They spread from person to person through the air.

Measles, Mumps, and Rubella vaccine (MMR) can prevent these diseases. The MMR vaccine comes in one combination shot. Children should have 2 doses of the MMR vaccine and most adults only need one dose.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-mmr.pdf

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Pneumococcal (Pneumonia) is a disease caused by a bacteria. Pneumococcal disease is spread from person to person through coughing or sneezing.

Symptoms include cough, fever, shortness of breath, chills, chest pain, rapid heartbeat, tiredness, weakness, nausea, vomitting, and diarrhea. Pneumococcal diesease is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable illness and death in the United States.

The Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV) comes in a shot form. Usually only one dose of PPSV is needed, but under some circumstances a second dose may be given.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-ppv.pdf

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by an infection with bacteria. TB is transmitted through the air by a person with active TB. A person with active TB is contagious to others and is required to undergo treatment with antibiotics.

Some symptoms of TB are persistent cough, fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite, fever, night sweats, coughing up blood, and shortness of breath.

Anyone Can Get TB, however TB can be cured by taking several drugs for six to twelve months.

There is no vaccine for TB. A TB test can be done to determine if you have the disease. Testing is available by appointment at the University Health Center. A TB test must be read within 48 to 72 hours or results will not be valid. If follow up appointment is missed, a second TB test will have to be preformed at patient's cost.

For additional information on TB and testing, see the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/factsheets/testing/skintesting.pdf

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Tetanus (lockjaw) is caused by bacteria that enter the body though a break in the skin (often a puncture wound or deep scratch.) Tetanus causes painful muscle contractions all over the body. Tetanus can cause locking of the jaw, so an infected person can not open their mouth or swallow. About 20 percent of people who get tetanus die.

Diphtheria is caused by bacteria passed from one person to another in the droplets released when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Symptoms of diphtheria include sore throat, fever and swollen neck glands. As the disease progresses, a membrane is formed in the throat that can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure and death. Since the U.S. government has made it mandatory for school-age children to receive this vaccine, the Diphtheria disease has almost been illuminated in the U.S.  

Tetanus and Diphtheria (Td) are in a combination shot.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-td-tdap.pdf

There is also a new combination shot that includes the Pertussis vaccine with the Tetanus and Diphtheria vaccines (Tdap).

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) has been added to the tetanus and diphtheria combination. This new combination vaccine (Tdap) now helps protect against all three serious diseases.

Pertussis or whooping cough is caused by bacteria passed from one person to another in the droplets released when an infected person coughs. Symptoms of Pertussis are severe coughing spells, whooping, and vomiting; as the disease progresses it can lead to weight loss, incontinence, rib fractures, pneumonia, passing out from violent coughing, and hospitalization due to complications. Most deaths occur among unvaccinated children or children too young to be vaccinated.

Adults should have a Td shot or the new Tdap shot with the Pertussis, once every 10 years to ensure protection. If you haven't had at least three Td shots in your lifetime, or if you're not sure if you have, you will need to complete your basic series of three shots and follow up with booster doses every 10 years. If you have received an injury or traveled outside of the U.S., it is advised that you be assessed for a booster every five to ten years. The new combination with the Pertussis has a similar regimen.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-td-tdap.pdf

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Typhoid (Typhoid fever) is an acute, life-threatening febrile illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella  Typhi (S. Typhi). People get Typhoid from contaminated food and water. 

Symptoms of Typhoid are high fever, weakness, stomach pains, headache, loss of appetite, and sometimes a rash. If it is not treated, it can kill up to 30% of people who get it.

 An estimated 21 million cases of typhoid fever and 200,000 related deaths occur worldwide each year.

Typhoid is not common in the U.S., and most U.S. citizens who get the disease get it while traveling. Typhoid vaccination is not required for international travel, but it is recommended for travelers to areas where there is a recognized risk of exposure to S.Typhi. Risk is greatest for travelers to the Indian subcontinent and other low-income countries (in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America) who will have prolonged exposure to potentially contaminated food and drink. Vaccination is particularly recommended for those who will be traveling in smaller cities, villages, and rural areas off the usual tourist itineraries. Travelers should be cautioned that typhoid vaccination is not 100% effective and is not a substitute for careful selection of food and drink.

The Typhoid vaccine come in two different forms, shot (inactive) or oral capsules (live). The shot should be given in one dose at least two weeks before travel and a booster dose given every two years. The oral capsules should be given in four doses, one capsule by mouth two days apart and the last dose given at least one week before travel. A booster dose is needed every five years.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-typhoid.pdf

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Varicella (Chicken Pox) is very contagous and is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. The varicella-zoster virus is spread for person to person through the air or by coming in contact with the fluid from the chickenpox blisters.

Symptoms of Varicella are an itchy rash, fever, and tiredness. Varicella can lead to severe skin infection, scars, pneumonia, brain damage, or death. A perosn who has has chickenpox can get a painful rash called shingles years later. Before the Varicella vaccine, about 11,000 people were hospitalized and about 100 people died each year in the United States do to the varicella-zoster virus.

The Varicella vaccine comes in shot form. Children should have two doses of the Varicella vaccine before the age of six. People 13 years old and above (who have never had chickenpox or reveived the vaccine) should get two doses at least 28 days apart.

For additional information, see the Vaccine Information Statement at the following site: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/vis/downloads/vis-varicella.pdf

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