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* [Note: All sources with two or more authors show the authors listed alphabetically by last names. Superscripts indicate first author, second author, etc. Anonymous sources are alphabetized under the item’s title.]

1990

Friesen, B. (1990)
Chapter Title: Powerlessness in Adolescence: Exploiting Heavy Metal Listeners.
Book Title: Marginal Conventions: Popular Culture, Mass Media and Social Deviance / Sanders, C. (editor).
City & Publisher: Bowling Green, Ohio, Bowling Green State University Popular Press.

Frith, S. and McRobbie, A. (1990)
Roe, K. and Von Feilitzen, C. (1990)
Chapter Title: Children and Music: an Exploratory Study.
Book Title: Popular Music Research: an Anthology.
K. Roe and U. Carlsson (Eds) (pp. 53-64). Sweden: Nordicom.
[Note: This chapter is a reprint of the article from the journal Screen Education Volume 29, 1978. This piece is important because it coins the term ‘cock-rock’ (?) and applies it to ‘hard rock’ music and its ‘male’ fans, citing Ted Nugent and Thin Lizzy as exemplars! Frith reprises this discussion in the book Sound Effects (1981), identifying Led Zeppelin and Ted Nugent as exemplars, pp. 219-222.]

Straw, Will. (1990)
Chapter Title: Characterising Rock Music Culture: the Case of Heavy Metal.
Book Title: On Record: Rock, Pop and the Written Word / Frith, Simon and Goodwin, Andrew (editors).
City & Publisher: London: Routledge.
[Note: Reprinted in the book The Cultural Studies Reader During 1993.]

1991

Richardson, James T. (1991)
Chapter Title: Satanism in the Courts: From Murder to Heavy Metal.
Book Title: The Satanism Scare / Best, Joe / Bromley, David G. and Richardson, James T. (editors).
City & Publisher: New York, A. de Gruyter.
ISBN: 0202303780.
Series Title: Social Institutions and Social Change.

1992

Altrogge, Michael. (1992)
Chapter Title: “Dreh Dich Nicht Um, das Schwermetall Geht Um”: die Ästhetisch-moralische Schere bei der Wahrmehmung von Heavy Metal-Videoclips [“Don't Turn Around, Heavy Metal is on the Loose”: Aesthetic and Moral Divisions in the Reception of Heavy Metal Video Clips].
Book Title: Politik und Gesellschaftlicher Wertewandel im Spiegel Populärer Musik [Policy and Social Values ​Change as Reflected in Popular Music]/ Schoenbeck, Mechthild; Brandhorst, Jürgen; and Gerke, Heinrich Joachim (editors) .
Publisher: Die Blaue Eule.
Language: German
ISBN: 3892064512, 9783892064510.
Series Title: Musikwissenschaft/Musikpädagogik in der Blauen Eule, Bd. 10.

Craig, S. / Craig, Steve / Denski, Stan and Sholle, David. (1992)
Chapter Title: Metal Men and Glamour Boys: Gender Performance in Heavy Metal.
Book Title: Men, Masculinity, and the Media / Craig, Steve (Editor).
City & Publisher: Newbury Park, Sage.
Series Title: SAGE Series on Men and Masculinity.

Phillips, Dennis D. (1992)
Chapter Title: Meddling in Metal Music.
Book Title: Research in American Popular Music / Bindas, Kenneth J. (editor).
City & Publisher: Carrollton, Georgia, West Georgia College.

1993

Hattemer, Barbara and Showers, H. Robert. (1993)
Chapter Title: Heavy Metal Rock and Gangsta Rap Music Promote Violence.
BookTtitle: Don't Touch that Dial: the Impact of the Media on Children and the Family / Hattemer and Showers (authors).
Publisher: Lafayette, Louisiana, Huntington House Publishers.
ISBN: 1563840324.

Straw, Will. (1993)
Chapter Title: Characterizing Rock Music Culture: the Case of Heavy Metal.
Book Title: The Cultural Studies Reader / During, Simon (editor).
City & Publisher: London, Routledge.
ISBN: 0415077087.

Walser, Robert. (1993)
Chapter Title: Forging Masculinity: Heavy Metal Sound and Images of Gender.
Book Title: Sound and Vision: the Music Video Reader / Frith, Simon; Goodwin, Andrew; and Grossberg, Lawrence (editors).
City & Publisher: London/ New York: Routledge.

1994

Funk-Hennigs, Erika. (1994)
Chapter Title: Uber die Rolle der Musik in der Alltagskultur der Skinheads [About the Role of Music in Everyday Culture of Skinheads].
Book Title: Musik der Skinheads und ein Gegenpart: die "Heile Welt" der Volkstümlichen Musik [Music of the Skinheads and a Counterpart: the "Ideal World" of Popular Music]/ Rösing, Helmut (editor).
City & Publisher: Hamburg, Arbeitskreis Studium Populärer Musik.
Language: German
Series: Contributions to the Popular Music Research / 13.

Heister, Hanns-Werner. (1994)
Chapter Title: "Volkstümliche Musik" zwischen Kommerz, Brauchtum und Politik ["Popular Music" between Commerce, Customs, and Politics].
Book Title: Musik der Skinheads und ein Gegenpart: die "Heile Welt" der Volkstümlichen Musik [Music of the Skinheads and a Counterpart: the "Ideal World" of Popular Music]/ Rösing, Helmut (editor).
City & Publisher: Hamburg, Arbeitskreis Studium Populärer Musik..
Language: German
Series: Contributions to the Popular Music Research / 13.

Kögler, Ilse. (1994)
Chapter Title: [title of chapter on heavy metal undetermined.]
Book Title: Die Sehnsucht Nach Mehr: Rockmusik, Jugend und Religion: Informationen und Deutungen [The Longing for More: Rock Music, Youth and Religion, Information and Interpretations].
City & Publisher: Graz, Austria, Styria.

Kotarba, Joseph A. (1994)
Chapter Title: The Postmodernisation of Rock and Roll Music: the Case of Metallica.
Book Title: Adolescents and their Music: If it's too Loud, You're Too Old / Epstein, J. (editor)
City & Publisher: New York, Garland Publishing.
ISBN: 9780815306146.

Rohlf, O. (1994)
Chapter Title: Extrem, Explizit, Erhaben: Heavy Metal als Neue E-Musik [Extreme, Explicit, Grandeur - Heavy Metal as a New eMusic Transformed].
Book Title: Die Rockmusik der 80er Jahre: 4 [The Rock Music of the 80s: 4] / Faulstich, W. and Schäffner, G. (editors).
City & Publisher: Bardowick, Germany, Wissenschaftler-Verlag.
Series Title: Lüneburger Kolloquium zur Medienwissenschaft [Lüneburg Colloquium on Media Studies].

Schoenebeck, Mechthild von. (1994)
Chapter Title: Wenn die Heidschnucken sich in die Äuglein gucken: Politische Inhalte des Volkstmlichen Schlagers [When the Heidschnucken  (i.e. Moor Sheep) Fondly Look into Each Others Eyes: Political Content of Folk Music].
Book Title: Musik der Skinheads und ein Gegenpart: die "Heile Welt" der Volkstümlichen Musik [Music of the Skinheads and a Counterpart: the "Ideal World" of Popular Music] / Rösing, Helmut (editor).
City & Publisher: Hamburg, Arbeitskreis Studium Populärer Musik.
Language: German
Series: Contributions to the Popular Music Research / 13.

Tagg, Philip. (1992, 1994)
Chapter Title: Subjectivity and Soundscape, Motorbikes and Music.
Book Title: Soundscapes: Essays on Vroom and Moo / Järviluoma, Helmi (editor).
City & Publisher: Tampere, Finland, Department of Folk Tradition (University of Tampere); Also: Seinäjoki, Finland, Institute of Rhythm Music.
Series Title: Department of Folk Tradition; publ. 19; Inst. of Rhythm Music; publ. A2; Julkaisuja (Tampereen yliopisto. Kansanperinteen laitos) [Publications (University of Tampere. Folklore Institute)].
[Note: A version is freely available online]