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University of Central Missouri
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Haney Says Wholistic Approach Needed to Address Threats by Adversaries

Contact: Jeff Murphy
WARRENSBURG, MO (May 6, 2015) – When it comes to addressing potential threats to the United States and its allies’ national security, a wholistic approach is needed to maintain stability at a time when adversaries have options that extend beyond nuclear weapons. That is the opinion of Admiral Cecil D. Haney, Commander, U.S. Strategic Command. He discussed “Strategic Deterrence in the 21st Century” Tuesday, May 5 as the keynote speaker in the first-ever Strategic Deterrent Coalition Symposium at the University of Central Missouri.

Admiral Cecil D. Haney, Commander, U.S. Strategic Command

Speakers from all across academia and the U.S. military participated in the symposium, May 4-6,which was attended by about 200 people. Joe Scallorns, a California, Mo., resident who serves as SDC president and event chair, said the purpose of the event was to bring speakers and panelists together to share their thoughts on current and future strategies of nuclear deterrence. The emphasis was on “adaptation to Post Cold War Strategic Deterrence, both what has changed, and what has remained the same.”

The event began Monday evening with a social gathering at Traditions, located at Pertle Springs, and continued Tuesday with presentations by invited guests. A tour of Whiteman Air Force Base for a number of participants wrapped up the symposium.

UCM President Charles Ambrose was among the participants. On Tuesday, he served as moderator for a session on “Deterrence in a Multipolar Nuclear World.” Joining him were Paul Bracken, a Yale professor of management and professor of political science; Mahir Ibrahimov, program manager of the U.S. Army Language, Regional Expertise and Culture Management Office; and Col. Robert Spalding, chief, China, Mongolia, Taiwan, Division, Deputy Directorate for Politico-Military Affairs, Joint Staff, Pentagon.

Haney opened the Tuesday discussion events by outlining issues posed by countries that are either building their nuclear weapons arsenals or are seeking nuclear weapons. He emphasized, however, nuclear weapons are just part of the overall equation when it comes to strategic deterrence.

“Let me be clear, I am not interested in an arms race; I am interested in strategic stability. Deterrence in the 21st Century requires a wholistic approach,” he told the gathering in the Elliott Student Union. “It requires a safe, secure and effective nuclear deterrent capability, effective cyberspace policies and capabilities, and it requires resilient counter space (outer space) capabilities.

He said President Barack Obama’s budget for Fiscal Year 2016 “supports these necessary improvements in each of these areas, and provides the means to execute items, if you go back to the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review, the 2011 Space Strategy, the 2013 Nuclear Employment Strategy, and of course, as spelled out in the 2015 General Defense Review.”

Haney said the U.S. needs an intellectual base to support these strategic approaches.

“We have a number of intellectuals throughout the country, from those who work for the Department of Defense, to those who work in national labs, and in academia. All are putting critical thought to these critical problem sets. While the foundation of deterrence theory remains valid,” he remarked, “it was founded on the notion of deliberate accuracy to consider costs and benefits of decisions they are advocating. To be effective in the 21st Century, we must address this across the spectrum of adversary challenges and across the spectrum of conflict. The challenge is, how do we get this right to develop the appropriate off ramps to de-escalate a crisis in our favor.

“As you would expect, deterrence and de-escalation is not easy, and it requires an integrated cross-domain solution, using a whole approach and all our instruments of power. This must be done in a manner that maximizes our leadership decision space.”

“So how do we get there,” Haney asked. “First, we must address the threat environment wholistically with a tailored approach. We must know the range of strategic threats of each opposed to the United States and our allies and partners and develop an ability to anticipate new threats in developing situations.

“We must have a deeper understanding of our adversary, because we can’t just look at military doctrine to determine how an adversary thinks, or what his next move might be, because as history has shown we may not get strategic predictions right.

“We must continue to assure our allies through extended deterrence commitments,” Haney told the gathering. “To do so, requires the United States to move forward with an efficient way to sustain and modernize our nuclear capabilities, the associated infrastructure, and the delivery of platforms that have already been sustained much longer than initially designed.

“While strategic deterrence is underpinned and enforced by our nuclear capabilities, we must recognize that strategic deterrence in the 21st Century is much more than the nuclear triad. In today’s complex environment, an effective strategic deterrence requires a whole government strategy that includes this rather long list.”

Items he said must be included in this strategy are:

Haney also noted, “With the threat of sequestration, we must get our investment strategy right for the long term, and we clearly need relief from the budget control act, not just for our nuclear forces, but for also the critical space and cyberspace and command control capabilities. We must ensure service in our nuclear enterprise remains appealing to the talented people it requires. These people work through the difficult, complex problems, day in and day out, whether serving in our all-voluntary military force, in our government, or serving as an industry partner, or within academia.”

Other speakers and presentations during the day included Lt. Gen. Frank Klotz, (USAF Retired), Undersecretary of Energy for Nuclear Security and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Administrator, who presented the plenary address; Maj. Gen. (sel) Thomas Bussiere, who moderated “The Future of the Nuclear Triad and Understanding Deterrence” with panelists Lt. Gen. Stephen Wilson, Commander, Air Force Global Strike Command, Barksdale Air Force Base, La., and Vice Adm. Michael Connor, Commander, Submarine Forces Commander, Submarine Force Atlantic Commander, Allied Submarine Command.

 Also participating was James Blackwell, Jr., Special Advisor to the Assistant Chief of Staff, Strategic Deterrence and Nuclear Integration, Headquarters, U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. He moderated a panel on “Credibility of U.S. Extended Deterrence: Are Adversaries Still Shaking in their Boots? Are Allies Under the Umbrella Getting Wet?” with Elbridge Colby, Robert M. Gates Fellow at the Center for a New American Security, and Robert Butterworth, President, Aries Analytics, Inc. Wrapping up the afternoon was a panel discussion on “Women in the Nuclear Enterprise,” moderated by Brenda Hunter, U.S./United Kingdom Production Plants Liaison, Longenecker & Associates, supporting NNSA Headquarters, with Col. Tracey Hayes, Col. Kristen Goodwin, Commander of the 2nd Bomb Wing, Barksdale Air Force Base., La.; and the Honorable Mary Russell, Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court.