How We Selected Criteria for the Bookmark
Criteria for the bookmark were developed as a result of a study conducted by Chris Boeding and Laura Glass, members of the University of Central Missouri chapter of Psi Chi, along with Dr. David Kreiner, Professor of Psychological Science at UCM and chapter advisor.
The study will be presented at the American Psychological Association Annual Convention in August, 2007. A summary of our methodology is below.
Eighty-six participants completed an online survey. An announcement and request to participate was sent to listserves for the American Psychological Association (APA) Divisions 2 and 46. The email asked for professionals to respond to a short survey concerning criteria for distinguishing scientific from non-scientific psychology books as well as including a list of scientific and non-scientific psychology books. The email also asked the respondents to forward the announcement to psychology students.
The survey consisted of 21 questions inquiring about scientific criteria for psychology books. In addition, for each of these criteria, participants had the opportunity to provide open-ended responses. Further, three open ended questions asked the participants to list examples of non-scientific books, examples of scientific books, and any additional criteria that may be helpful to the study.
Responses to the survey were analyzed to determine candidates for criteria that could be used to distinguish scientific from non-scientific books. Each of the scientific and non-scientific psychology books listed as examples by the participants were examined to evaluate whether they met the criteria, as defined by the participants, for being scientific or non-scientific. Criteria which were rated as highly important and which distinguished the examples of scientific and non-scientific books were selected for use on the bookmark.