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Title IX

What is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), 20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq., and its implementing regulations, 34 C.F.R. Part 106, prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs or activities operated by recipients of Federal financial assistance. Sexual harassment of students, which includes acts of sexual violence, is a form of sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX.

A Few Facts About Title IX

  • Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972 is the federal law prohibiting sex discrimination in educational institutions.
  • The law states that "No person in the United States shall on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance." The amendment in 1987 expanded the definition of program or activity to include all the operations of an educational institution, governmental entity or private employer that receives federal funds.
  • Title IX forbids sex discrimination in all university student services and academic programs including, but not limited to, admissions, financial aid, academic advising, housing, athletics, recreational services, college residential life programs, health services, counseling and psychological services, Registrar's office, classroom assignments, grading and discipline. Title IX also forbids discrimination because of sex in employment and recruitment consideration or selection, whether full time or part time, under any education program or activity operated by an institution receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance.

Sexual Violence and Title IX

The following information is provided by the Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education, Kansas City, MO office.

What Is Sexual Harassment?

  • Conduct of a sexual nature that is unwelcome and denies or limits a student's ability to participate in or receive the benefits, services or opportunities of the school's programs or activities.
  • This includes sexual assault/violence.

Conduct of a Sexual Nature:
Determining whether conduct is of a sexual nature is very fact-specific, but examples may include:

  • Unwelcome sexual advances
  • Requests for sexual favors
  • Comments about an individual's body, sexual activity or sexual attractiveness
  • Sexually suggestive touching, leering, gestures, sounds, comments, or displays of sexually suggestive objects

Such conduct also may be criminal nature, such as:

  • Rape
  • Sexual assault
  • Sexually motivated stalking