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* [Note: All sources with two or more authors show the authors listed alphabetically by last names. Superscripts indicate first author, second author, etc. Anonymous sources are alphabetized under the item’s title.]


Louis, Patrick and Prinaz, Laurent. (1990)
Book Title: Skinheads, Taggers, Zulus and Co.
City & Publisher: Paris, La Table Ronde.
Language: French
ISBN: 2710304449.

Mühlberg, Philipp and Stock, Manfred. (1990)
Book Title: Die Szene von Innen. Skinheads, Grufties, Heavy Metals, Punks [The Scene from the Inside. Skinheads, Goths, Heavy Metal, Punk.]
City & Publisher: Berlin, Christoph Links Verlag (Links Druck Verlag).
Language: German
ISBN: 3861530074.

Raschke, Carl A. (1990)
Book Title: Painted Black: from Drug Killings to Heavy Metal: the Alarming True Story of How Satanism is Terrorizing Our Communities.
City & Publisher: San Francisco, Harper and Row.
ISBN: 0062507044.
[Note: Contents: part. i; The siege, pt. ii; The geneology of darkness, pt. iii; Mise en scene, pt. i;. Apocalypse now.]


Best, Joel2 / Bromley, David G.3 and Richardson, James T.1 (editors). (1991)
Book Title: The Satanism Scare.
City & Publisher: New York, Aldine de Gruyter.
ISBN: 9780202303789.

Gaines, Donna. (1991)
Book Title: Teenage Wasteland: Suburbia's Dead End Kids.
City & Publisher: Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
ISBN: 022627872.

Weinstein, Deena. (1991)
Book Title: Heavy Metal: a Cultural Sociology.
City & Publisher: New York, Maxwell MacMillan International.
ISBN: 0669218375.


Trostle, Lawrence C. (1992)
Book Title: The Stoners: Drugs, Demons, and Delinquency.
City & Publisher: New York, Garland.
ISBN: 0815307713.


Cossart, Axel von. (1993)
Book Title: Heavy Metal, Hard Rock, Punk: Evolution und Trend Bands.
City & Publisher: Cologne, Voco-Edition.
Language: German
ISBN: 3926566043.

Farin, Klaus and Seidel-Pielen, Eberhard. (1993)
Book Title: Skinheads.
City & Publisher: Munich, C.H. Beck.
Language: German
ISBN: 3406373933.

Gembris, Heiner. (1994)
Book Title: Musikszene der Skinheads/ Didaktische Interpretation von Musik/ Umfang von Kinderstimmen/ Postmodernes Kino/ Musikpädagogik in den USA/ das Bild der Frau in musikpädagogischen Veröffentlichungen zwischen 1933 und 1945...
[The Music Scene of the Skinheads / Didactic Interpretation of Music / Volume of Children's Voices / Postmodern Cinema / Music Education in the USA / The Image of Women in Music Education Publications 1933-1945 ../].

City & Publisher: Augsburg, Germany, Wißner.
Series: Forum Musikpädagogik // 6/ Musikpädagogische Forschungsberichte // 3.1993/ [Music Education Forum / / 6 / Music Education Research Reports / 3.1993/].
Language: German
ISBN: 3928898256.

Hale, Mark. (1993)
Book Title: Headbangers: the Worldwide Megabook of Heavy Metal Bands.
City & Publisher: Ann Arbor, Popular Culture Ink.
[Note: “In the 1990s, Popular Culture Ink was one of the world's leading publishers of rock & roll reference books. Based in Ann Arbor, MI, the publishing company handled more than 50 rock & roll titles, as well as such significant other popular culture volumes as Mayberry, My Hometown and The Shape Under the Sheet: The Complete Stephen King Encyclopedia. The company folded in 2002. Popular Culture Ink was the brainchild of Tom Schultheiss. Its roots date back to 1975, when he was working as editorial director of Pierian Press . . . Popular Culture Ink is sorely missed today. Its unique niche in the worlds of music and publishing has yet to be filled” (source:]

Hamm, Mark S. (1993)
Book Title: American Skinheads: the Criminology and Control of Hate Crime.
City & Publisher: Westport, Connecticut & London, Praeger.
ISBN: 0275949877.
[Note: 9 pages mention heavy metal and 12 mention punk(s).]

Moore, Jack B. (1993)
Book Title: Skinheads Shaved for Battle: a Cultural History of American Skinheads.
City & Publisher: Bowling Green, Ohio, Bowling Green State University Popular Press.
ISBN: 0879725826.
[Note: contains numerous mentions of music and film.]

Book Title: Skinheads: Musik, Bands, Magazine.
SEE Government documents section.

Popoff, Martin. (1993)
Book Title: Riff Kills Man!: 25 Years of Recorded Hard Rock & Heavy Metal.
City & Publisher: Toronto, Power Chord Press.
ISBN: 9780969770701.

Victor, Jeffrey S. (1993)
Book Title: Satanic Panic: the Creation of a Contemporary Legend.
City & Publisher: Chicago, Open Court.

Walser, Robert. (1993)
Book Title: Running with the Devil: Power, Gender and Madness in Heavy Metal Music.
City & Publisher: Hanover, New Hampshire, Wesleyan University Press.


Billerbeck, Liane V. and Nordhausen, Frank. (1994)
Book Title: Satanskinder: der Mordfall Sandro B. [Satan Children: the Murder of Sandro B.]
City & Publisher: Berlin, Ch. Links [Christoph Links Verlag].
ISBN: 3861530767.
[Note: This book offers a reconstruction of the “Satanic” murder committed by members of the later NSBM band Absurd. A  2001 edition has the title: Satanskinder: der Mordfall von Sondershausen und die Rechte Szene (Satan Children: the Murder of Sondershausen and the Right [Political Movement] Scene). Berlin: Ch. Links, ISBN: 3861532328.]

Cadalanu, Giampaolo. (1994)
Book Title: Skinheads: Dalla Musica Giamaicana al Saluto Romano [Skinheads: Jamaican Music from the Roman Salute].
City & Publisher: Lecce, Italy, Argo.
Language: Italian
Series: Le Vele Rosse // 6.
ISBN: 8886211244.

Werner, Glogauer. (1994)
Book Title: Criminalization of Children and Juveniles by the Media.
City & Publisher: Baden-Baden, Germany, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.