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* [Note: All sources with two or more authors show the authors listed alphabetically by last names. Superscripts indicate first author, second author, etc. Anonymous sources are alphabetized under the item’s title.]


Tanner, Julian. (1981)
“Pop Music and Peer Groups: a Study of Canadian High School Students’ Responses to Pop Music.”
Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, Vol. 18 (1): pages 1-13.

[Note: This early study is important because it identifies a new category: ‘heavy’ or heavy metal rock’ (p.4)]


Hartwagner, G. (1984)
“Warenästhetik als Wahre Ästhetik: Anmerkungen zu Gewalthaltigen Bildern auf Schallplattenhüllen¨ [Commodity Aesthetics as the True Aesthetic: Notes Containing Violent Images on Record Covers].”
medien + erziehung [media + education], Vol. 28: pages 270-280. ISSN: 0176-4918.

Language: German.
[Notes: Also listed as Medien und Erziehung;]


King Paul. (1985)
“Heavy Metal: a New Religion.”
ournal of the Tennessee Medical Association, Vol. 78 (12): pages 754-755.


Trostle, Lawrence C. (1986)
“Nihilistic Adolescents, Heavy Metal Rock Music, and Paranormal Beliefs.”
Psychological Reports, Vol. 59: page 610 [one page].


Brodie, Mollyann6 / Bruzzone, Lisa2 / Greenfield, Patricia M.1 / Kingsdale, David7 / Koyamatsu, Kristi3 / Nixon, Karey5 and Satuloff, Wendy4. (1987) “What is Rock Music Doing to the Minds of our Youth? A First Experimental Look at the Effects of Rock Music Lyrics and Music Videos” The Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 7 (3): pages 315-329.
ISSN: 0272-4316.
[Note: Contains one paragraph each on Twisted Sister and Dead Kennnedys.]

Desmond, Roger Jon. (1987)
“Adolescents and Music Lyrics: Implications of a Cognitive Perspective.”
Communication Quarterly, Vol. 35 (3): pages 276-284.

Fox, Kathryn Joan. (1987)
“Real Punks and Pretenders: the Social Organization of a Counterculture.”
Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, Vol. 16 (3): pages 344-370.

doi: 10.1177/0891241687163006

Lester, David. (1987)
“A Subcultural Theory of Teenage Suicide.”
Adolescence, Vol. 22 (86): pages 317-320.

McDonald, James R. (1987)
Suicidal Rage: an Analysis of Hardcore Punk Lyrics
Popular Music and Society, Vol. 11 (3): pages 91-102.

ISSN: 1740-1712.

Prinsky, Lorraine E.1 and Rosenbaum, Jill Leslie2. (1987)
Leer-Ics or Lyrics: Teenage Impressions of Rock 'n' Roll.

Youth and Society, Vol. 18 (4): pages 384-397.

ISSN: 0044-118X.


Christenson, Peter G.1 and Peterson, Jon Brian2. (1988)
“Genre and Gender in the Structure of Music Preferences.”
Communication Research, Vol. 15 (3): pages 282-301.

King, Paul. (1988)
Heavy Metal Music and Drug Abuse in Adolescence.
Postgraduate Medicine, Vol. 83: pages 295-302. ISSN: 0032-5481.
[Notes: Published by McGraw-Hill; official journal of the Interstate Postgraduate Medical Association of North America.]

McDonald, James R. (1988)
Censoring Rock Lyrics: a Historical Analysis of the Debate.”
Youth and Society, Vol. 19 (3): pages 294-313.

McDonald, James R. (1988)
“Politics Revisited: Metatextual Implications of Rock and Roll Criticism.”
Youth and Society,Vol. 19 (4): pages 485-504.

Proctor, S. D. (1988)
Heavy Metal Music and Drug Abuse.
Postgraduate Medicine, Vol. 84 (3): pages 29, 32. ISSN: 0032-5481.
[Notes: This entry is likely a reader comment on the King article from same year.]


Brown, Elizabeth F.1 and Hendee, William R2. (1989)
Adolescents and their Music: Insights into the Health of Adolescents.”
JAMA, September 22-29/ Vol. 262 (12): pages 1659-63.

[Note: There is a reader comment in: JAMA. 1990 Feb 9/ Vol. 263 (6): pages 812-3.]

Dunleavy Kathleen2 / Powers Charles3 and Verden, Paul1. (1989)
Heavy Metal Mania and Adolescent Delinquency.
Popular Music and Society, Vol. 13 (1): pages 73-82

[Anonymous] (1989)
“Heavy Metal Music Becoming ‘Religion’ To Troubled Youths.”
Juvenile Justice Digest, Vol. 17 (3): page 10.

Reznikoff, Marvin2 and Wanamaker, Catherine E.1. (1989)
“Effects of Aggressive and Nonaggressive Rock Songs on Projective and Structured Tests.”
Journal of Psychology, Vol. 123 (6): page 561-570.

Strasburger, V. C. (1989)
“Adolescent Sexuality and the Media.”
Pediatric Clinics of North America, June/ Vol. 36 (3): pages 747-773.

Stratton, Jon. (1989)
Beyond Art: Postmodernism and the Case of Popular Music.
Theory Culture and Society, February/ Vol. 6 (1): pages 31-57. ISSN: 0263-2764.
[Note: Discusses heavy metal iconography, Norse mythology, Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple, Saxon, Motorhead, Sex Pistols, punk music and more.]

Wanamaker, Catherine E.1 / Reznikoff, Marvin2. (1989).
“Effects of Aggressive and Nonaggressive Rock Songs on Projective and Structured Tests”
Journal Of Psychology, Vol. 123 (6): 561-570.