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Department of Psychological Science

Lovinger 1111
Warrensburg, MO 64093
Phone: 660.543.4185

Selected Publications

Ryan, J.J., Blacksmith, J.L., Kreiner, D.S., & Umfleet, L.G. (in press). Use of the 21-Item Test with children and adolescents 5 to 16 years of age. Applied Neuropsychology: Child.


Ryan, J.J., Umfleet, L.G., Kreiner, D.S., Fuller, A.M., & Paolo, A.M. (2018). Neuropsychological differences between men and women with Alzheimer’s Disease. International Journal of Neuroscience, 128, 342-348. doi: 10.1080/00207454.2017.1382492


Ryan, J.J., Kreiner, D.S., Umfleet, L.G., Gontkovsky, S.T., & Myers-Fabian, A. (2018).  WAIS-IV GAI and CPI discrepancies in multiple sclerosis and traumatic brain injury. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 25, 51-56. doi: 10.1080/23279095.2016.1241786


Kreiner, D.S. (2017). The core of what the brain does [Review of the book The abstraction engine: Extracting patterns in language, mind and brain, by Michael Fortescue]. PsycCRITIQUES, 62(44).


Gier, V.S., Kreiner, D.S., & Lampinen, J.M. (2017). Factors affecting recognition of senior citizens in Silver Alerts. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 32, 185-196. doi: 10.1007/s11896-016-9210-0

Walker, T.R., Kreiner, D.S., & Stark, K.S. (2017). Does placing questions in order of difficulty affect exam performance? In R. L. Miller & T. Collette (Eds.) Teaching Tips: A Compendium of Conference Presentations on Teaching, 2015-16. Retrieved from the Society for the Teaching of Psychology web site:

Kreiner, D.S. (2017). Does Socrates belong in a psychology course? [Review of the book Teaching psychology and the Socratic method: Real knowledge in a virtual age, by James J. Dillon]. PsycCRITIQUES, 62(14).


Kreiner, D.S. (2017). Active learning for understanding sampling distributions. In J.R. Stowell & W.E. Addison (Eds.), Activities for teaching statistics and research methods: A guide for psychology instructors (pp. 43-47). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Parama, K.S., Kreiner, D.S., Stark, K.S., & Schuetz, S.A. (2017). Monolingual and bilingual perceptions of code-switching: A difference in cognition but not competence. North American Journal of Psychology, 19, 87-102.


Kreiner, D.S. (2017). Gestures and speech go together like Tweety and Sylvester. [Review of the book Why we gesture: The surprising role of hand movements in communication, by David McNeill]. PsycCRITIQUES, 62(3).


Kreiner, D.S. (2016). An entertaining look at the evolution of language. [Review of the book Dawn: The origins of language and the modern human mind, by Rik Smits]. PsycCRITIQUES, 61(30). doi: 10.1037/a00403081


Muñoz, A, Kreiner, D.S., Penningroth, S.L., Ryan, J.J., & Hwang, H. (2015). Performing a prospective memory task under divided attention might lead to increased performance errors and commission errors . In A.M. Columbus (Ed.), Advances in Psychology Research, Vol. 113 (pp.205-222). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.


Kreiner, D.S. (2015). The paradox of artificial languages. [Review of the book Esperanto and its rivals: The struggle for an international language, by Roberto Garvía]. PsycCRITIQUES, 60(50).


Ryan, J.J., Kreiner, D.S., Gontkovsky, S.T., & Umfleet, L.G. (2015). Classification accuracy of sequentially administered WAIS−IV short forms. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 22, 409-414.


Ryan, J.J., Swopes-Willhite, N., Franklin, C., & Kreiner, D.S. (2015). WAIS‒IV administration errors: Effects of altered response requirements on Symbol Search and violation of standard surface variety patterns on Block Design. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 22, 42-45.


Kreiner, D.S. (2015). Do I sound neurotic to you? Detecting personality from speech. [Review of the book Personality in speech: Assessment and automatic classification, by T. Polzehl]. PsycCRITIQUES, 60(33).


Ryan, J.J., Kreiner, D.S., Seeley, J.S., & Paolo, A.M. (2015). Temporal disorientation base rates in Alzheimer’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease. Journal of Gerontology and Geriatric Research, 4, (221). doi: 10.4172/2167-7182.1000221


Ryan, J.J., Sumerall, S.W., Seeley, J.S., Umfleet, L.G., Kreiner, D.S., Brown, K.I., & Ott, S.D. (2015). WAIS-IV coding performance of young adults: Transcription patterns and incidental learning procedures. North American Journal of Psychology, 17, 197-212.


Ryan, J.J., Townsend, J.M., & Kreiner, D.S. (2014). Comparison of oral, written, and pointing responses to the WAIS-IV Digit Span.  Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 21, 94-97. doi: 10.1080/09084282.2012.753076


Bash, K.L., & Kreiner, D.S. (2014). Student perceptions of study time. Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research, 19, 3-9.


Kreiner, D.S. (2014). Language is like a box of chocolates: A cognitive approach to understanding meaning. [Review of the book Figurative language, by B. Dancygier & E. Sweetser]. PsycCRITIQUES, 59(41).


Kreiner, D.S. (2013). Multiple languages, multiple perspectives. [Review of the book The bilingual brain, by A.E. Hernandez]. PsycCRITIQUES, 58(51).


Kreiner, D.S. (2013). Language. In K.D. Keith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology (pp.804-806). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.


Kreiner, D.S. (2013). Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. In K.D. Keith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology (pp.1122-1124). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.


Kreiner, D.S. (2013). Whorf, Benjamin Lee. In K.D. Keith (Ed.), The encyclopedia of cross-cultural psychology (pp.1354-1355). West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.


Ryan, J.J., Turpin, D.M., & Kreiner, D.S. (2012). Specificity of the 21-Item Test in two elderly samples. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 19, 728-740.


Ryan, J.J., Gonkovsky, S.T., Kreiner, D.S., & Tree, H.A. (2012). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition performance in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 34, 571-579.


Kreiner, D.S. (2012). An activity for demonstrating the concept of a neural circuit. Teaching of Psychology, 39, 209-212. doi: 10.1177/0098628312450438


Kreiner, D.S. (2012). Language, brain, and context. [Review of the book Talking heads: The neuroscience of language, by G. Denes]. PsycCRITIQUES, 57(13).


Gier, V.S., Kreiner, D.S., & Hudnell, W.J. (2012). AMBER alerts: Are school-type photographs the best choice for identifying missing children? Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 27, 1-15. doi: 10.1007/s11896-011-9085-z